Mock Trial of Socrates and other Lawyers Group events

Early in 2015 a group of supporters, led by Master of the Rolls Lord Dyson, Sir Francis Jacobs, Jonathan Rushworth, Rt Hon Sir Rupert Jackson and Sir David Wootton put a letter out to hundreds of individuals from the legal world to invite them to join in support of CfA.

They wrote: ‘As well as the close historical connections between Rome, Latin and the law, we are confident that an education in classics will not only improve the quality of education generally, but will also improve the quality of written English, and indeed the quality of reasoning and argument, obvious benefits for lawyers in particular.’

The group hosted a launch reception at Two Temple Place on 19 March 2015, followed by a talk by Sir Rupert Jackson on ‘How Rome Ran Britain’ at the House of Lords on 17 July 2015 and a mock Trial of Socrates at the UK Supreme Court on 30 September 2015.

Read the students’ account here.

In a dramatic reversal of 2,400-year decision, Socrates is acquitted at Supreme Court 

‘Je suis Socrates’ was the final ringing line from Sally Howes QC in defence of Socrates at a mock trial held at the UK Supreme Court yesterday (30 September) in support of the charity Classics for All.

Lord Toulson, one of the Justices of the Supreme Court, presided over the occasion, where Socrates’ lawyer sought to argue that the Greek philosopher – something of a political dissident in his day – should not have been found guilty of “not believing in the gods of the state” and corrupting the minds of young Athenians.

The event was organised by the Lawyers Group of supporters of Classics for All, which aims to extend and enhance the teaching of classical subjects in state schools.

Lord Toulson’s first decision from the bench was to appoint the audience of some 60 UK citizens as the jury. Anthony Speaight QC was Counsel for the Prosecution with Richard Eschwege as Junior Counsel. Sally Howes QC acted for the Defence.

The jury was treated to advocacy of the highest quality on each side. In the end, they acquitted by a large majority – far larger than that which had originally convicted Socrates – perhaps influenced by the defence’s passionate appeal to Socrates’ right to freedom of expression.

Summing up, Lord Toulson told the jury that ‘this successful appeal, quite some time after Socrates’ alleged wrongdoing against the state and subsequent death, is a sobering reminder of the concept that justice cannot be suppressed. It also proves the point that in every trial there is a system of justice itself on trial, and in this case, demonstrated the insights into human behaviour that can be gained from studying classical civilisations.’

After the decision Nicholas Barber CBE, Chairman of Classics for All, explained the importance of teaching classics in both primary and secondary schools to increase educational standards. Anna Bell, Head of the London Classics Hub at St Marylebone School described the enormous growth interest in learning classics amongst pupils at St Marylebone and associated schools, three of whom were present.

Dr Peter Jones, a founder of Classics for All who attended the event (see below) noted:  ‘The ancient charge against Socrates was that he introduced new gods and corrupted the young, the modern one, resonating with contemporary arguments about limits to freedom of speech, that he was guilty of treason for his anti-democratic and pro-Spartan sympathies’.

Sir Francis Jacobs KMCG QC, Chairman of the Lawyers Group, concluded afterwards: ‘This was a splendid event, combining excellent advocacy, fine judging, much historical interest, and great entertainment’.